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Reagan’s First Inaugural Address

21 January 2009
IF we are under any delusion that what we heard yesterday was “Reaganesque,” let us disabuse ourselves of such nonsense forthwith.  Here are words from beyond the grave, eerily apt for us today.  This is what Mr. Obama should have said, but it is not in his DNA.  And this is also what Mr. McCain should have said, and likely what Mrs. Palin might have said in her own words.  But Mr. McCain, too, does not have the political DNA to speak like this.  Enjoy the humility, the grace, and the commitment to founding principles:  limited government, states’ prerogatives, and individual liberty.

LATE ADDITION:  Statistically, Reagan’s inauguration in 1981 moved the popular needle more than Obama’s.  In absolute terms, tentative Nielsen ratings show that 41.8 million watched Reagan’s first vs. Obama’s 37.8 million.  In population-normalized terms, based on a population of 226 million in 1980 and 281 million in 2000, 13.5% of the U. S. population watched Obama’s vs. Reagan’s 18.5%.  Not that it matters, perhaps, but interesting nonetheless.  BTW, lest ye Obama worshipers complain that qb has used 2000 numbers rather than 2009 numbers, stay thine hand; it will look worse for your messiah if qb uses the current 306 million estimate by the Census Bureau (12.4% instead of 13.5%).



Senator Hatfield, Mr. Chief Justice, Mr. President, Vice President Bush, Vice President Mondale, Senator Baker, Speaker O’Neill, Reverend Moomaw, and my fellow citizens: To a few of us here today, this is a solemn and most momentous occasion; and yet, in the history ofour Nation, it is a commonplace occurrence. The orderly transfer of authority as called for in the Constitution routinely takes place as it has for almost two centuries and few of us stop to think how unique we really are. In the eyes of many in the world, this every-4-year ceremony we accept as normal is nothing less than a miracle.

  Mr. President, I want our fellow citizens to know how much you did to carry on this tradition. By your gracious cooperation in the transition process, you have shown a watching world that we are a united people pledged to maintaining a political system which guarantees individual liberty to a greater degree than any other, and I thank you and your people for all your help in maintaining the continuity which is the bulwark of our Republic.
  The business of our nation goes forward. These United States are confronted with an economic affliction of great proportions. We suffer from the longest and one of the worst sustained inflations in our national history. It distorts our economic decisions, penalizes thrift, and crushes the struggling young and the fixed-income elderly alike. It threatens to shatter the lives of millions of our people.
  Idle industries have cast workers into unemployment, causing human misery and personal indignity. Those who do work are denied a fair return for their labor by a tax system which penalizes successful achievement and keeps us from maintaining full productivity.
  But great as our tax burden is, it has not kept pace with public spending. For decades, we have piled deficit upon deficit, mortgaging our future and our children’s future for the temporary convenience of the present. To continue this long trend is to guarantee tremendous social, cultural, political, and economic upheavals.
  You and I, as individuals, can, by borrowing, live beyond our means, but for only a limited period of time. Why, then, should we think that collectively, as a nation, we are not bound by that same limitation?
  We must act today in order to preserve tomorrow. And let there be no misunderstanding—we are going to begin to act, beginning today.
  The economic ills we suffer have come upon us over several decades. They will not go away in days, weeks, or months, but they will go away. They will go away because we, as Americans, have the capacity now, as we have had in the past, to do whatever needs to be done to preserve this last and greatest bastion of freedom.
  In this present crisis, government is not the solution to our problem.
  From time to time, we have been tempted to believe that society has become too complex to be managed by self-rule, that government by an elite group is superior to government for, by, and of the people. But if no one among us is capable of governing himself, then who among us has the capacity to govern someone else? All of us together, in and out of government, must bear the burden. The solutions we seek must be equitable, with no one group singled out to pay a higher price.
  We hear much of special interest groups. Our concern must be for a special interest group that has been too long neglected. It knows no sectional boundaries or ethnic and racial divisions, and it crosses political party lines. It is made up of men and women who raise our food, patrol our streets, man our mines and our factories, teach our children, keep our homes, and heal us when we are sick—professionals, industrialists, shopkeepers, clerks, cabbies, and truckdrivers. They are, in short, “We the people,” this breed called Americans.
  Well, this administration’s objective will be a healthy, vigorous, growing economy that provides equal opportunity for all Americans, with no barriers born of bigotry or discrimination. Putting America back to work means putting all Americans back to work. Ending inflation means freeing all Americans from the terror of runaway living costs. All must share in the productive work of this “new beginning” and all must share in the bounty of a revived economy. With the idealism and fair play which are the core of our system and our strength, we can have a strong and prosperous America at peace with itself and the world.
  So, as we begin, let us take inventory. We are a nation that has a government—not the other way around. And this makes us special among the nations of the Earth. Our Government has no power except that granted it by the people. It is time to check and reverse the growth of government which shows signs of having grown beyond the consent of the governed.
  It is my intention to curb the size and influence of the Federal establishment and to demand recognition of the distinction between the powers granted to the Federal Government and those reserved to the States or to the people. All of us need to be reminded that the Federal Government did not create the States; the States created the Federal Government.
  Now, so there will be no misunderstanding, it is not my intention to do away with government. It is, rather, to make it work—work with us, not over us; to stand by our side, not ride on our back. Government can and must provide opportunity, not smother it; foster productivity, not stifle it.
  If we look to the answer as to why, for so many years, we achieved so much, prospered as no other people on Earth, it was because here, in this land, we unleashed the energy and individual genius of man to a greater extent than has ever been done before. Freedom and the dignity of the individual have been more available and assured here than in any other place on Earth. The price for this freedom at times has been high, but we have never been unwilling to pay that price.
  It is no coincidence that our present troubles parallel and are proportionate to the intervention and intrusion in our lives that result from unnecessary and excessive growth of government. It is time for us to realize that we are too great a nation to limit ourselves to small dreams. We are not, as some would have us believe, doomed to an inevitable decline. I do not believe in a fate that will fall on us no matter what we do. I do believe in a fate that will fall on us if we do nothing. So, with all the creative energy at our command, let us begin an era of national renewal. Let us renew our determination, our courage, and our strength. And let us renew our faith and our hope.
  We have every right to dream heroic dreams. Those who say that we are in a time when there are no heroes just don’t know where to look. You can see heroes every day going in and out of factory gates. Others, a handful in number, produce enough food to feed all of us and then the world beyond. You meet heroes across a counter—and they are on both sides of that counter. There are entrepreneurs with faith in themselves and faith in an idea who create new jobs, new wealth and opportunity. They are individuals and families whose taxes support the Government and whose voluntary gifts support church, charity, culture, art, and education. Their patriotism is quiet but deep. Their values sustain our national life.
  I have used the words “they” and “their” in speaking of these heroes. I could say “you” and “your” because I am addressing the heroes of whom I speak—you, the citizens of this blessed land. Your dreams, your hopes, your goals are going to be the dreams, the hopes, and the goals of this administration, so help me God.
  We shall reflect the compassion that is so much a part of your makeup. How can we love our country and not love our countrymen, and loving them, reach out a hand when they fall, heal them when they are sick, and provide opportunities to make them self-sufficient so they will be equal in fact and not just in theory?
  Can we solve the problems confronting us? Well, the answer is an unequivocal and emphatic “yes.” To paraphrase Winston Churchill, I did not take the oath I have just taken with the intention of presiding over the dissolution of the world’s strongest economy.
  In the days ahead I will propose removing the roadblocks that have slowed our economy and reduced productivity. Steps will be taken aimed at restoring the balance between the various levels of government. Progress may be slow—measured in inches and feet, not miles—but we will progress. Is it time to reawaken this industrial giant, to get government back within its means [not to eliminate it! -qb], and to lighten [not to eliminate! -qb] our punitive tax burden. And these will be our first priorities, and on these principles, there will be no compromise.
  On the eve of our struggle for independence a man who might have been one of the greatest among the Founding Fathers, Dr. Joseph Warren, President of the Massachusetts Congress, said to his fellow Americans, “Our country is in danger, but not to be despaired of…. On you depend the fortunes of America. You are to decide the important questions upon which rests the happiness and the liberty of millions yet unborn. Act worthy of yourselves.”
  Well, I believe we, the Americans of today, are ready to act worthy of ourselves, ready to do what must be done to ensure happiness and liberty for ourselves, our children and our children’s children.
  And as we renew ourselves here in our own land, we will be seen as having greater strength throughout the world. We will again be the exemplar of freedom and a beacon of hope for those who do not now have freedom.
  To those neighbors and allies who share our freedom, we will strengthen our historic ties and assure them of our support and firm commitment. We will match loyalty with loyalty. We will strive for mutually beneficial relations. We will not use our friendship to impose on their sovereignty, for our own sovereignty is not for sale.
  As for the enemies of freedom, those who are potential adversaries, they will be reminded that peace is the highest aspiration of the American people. We will negotiate for it, sacrifice for it; we will not surrender for it—now or ever.
  Our forbearance should never be misunderstood. Our reluctance for conflict should not be misjudged as a failure of will. When action is required to preserve our national security, we will act. We will maintain sufficient strength to prevail if need be, knowing that if we do so we have the best chance of never having to use that strength.
  Above all, we must realize that no arsenal, or no weapon in the arsenals of the world, is so formidable as the will and moral courage of free men and women. It is a weapon our adversaries in today’s world do not have. It is a weapon that we as Americans do have. Let that be understood by those who practice terrorism and prey upon their neighbors.
  I am told that tens of thousands of prayer meetings are being held on this day, and for that I am deeply grateful. We are a nation under God, and I believe God intended for us to be free. It would be fitting and good, I think, if on each Inauguration Day in future years it should be declared a day of prayer.
  This is the first time in history that this ceremony has been held, as you have been told, on this West Front of the Capitol. Standing here, one faces a magnificent vista, opening up on this city’s special beauty and history. At the end of this open mall are those shrines to the giants on whose shoulders we stand.
  Directly in front of me, the monument to a monumental man: George Washington, Father of our country. A man of humility who came to greatness reluctantly. He led America out of revolutionary victory into infant nationhood. Off to one side, the stately memorial to Thomas Jefferson. The Declaration of Independence flames with his eloquence.
  And then beyond the Reflecting Pool the dignified columns of the Lincoln Memorial. Whoever would understand in his heart the meaning of America will find it in the life of Abraham Lincoln.
  Beyond those monuments to heroism is the Potomac River, and on the far shore the sloping hills of Arlington National Cemetery with its row on row of simple white markers bearing crosses or Stars of David. They add up to only a tiny fraction of the price that has been paid for our freedom.
  Each one of those markers is a monument to the kinds of hero I spoke of earlier. Their lives ended in places called Belleau Wood, The Argonne, Omaha Beach, Salerno and halfway around the world on Guadalcanal, Tarawa, Pork Chop Hill, the Chosin Reservoir, and in a hundred rice paddies and jungles of a place called Vietnam.
  Under one such marker lies a young man—Martin Treptow—who left his job in a small town barber shop in 1917 to go to France with the famed Rainbow Division. There, on the western front, he was killed trying to carry a message between battalions under heavy artillery fire.
  We are told that on his body was found a diary. On the flyleaf under the heading, “My Pledge,” he had written these words: “America must win this war. Therefore, I will work, I will save, I will sacrifice, I will endure, I will fight cheerfully and do my utmost, as if the issue of the whole struggle depended on me alone.”
  The crisis we are facing today does not require of us the kind of sacrifice that Martin Treptow and so many thousands of others were called upon to make. It does require, however, our best effort, and our willingness to believe in ourselves and to believe in our capacity to perform great deeds; to believe that together, with God’s help, we can and will resolve the problems which now confront us.
  And, after all, why shouldn’t we believe that? We are Americans. God bless you, and thank you.
13 Comments leave one →
  1. 21 January 2009 4:25 pm


    Nice exercise in nostalgia and morning in America. Different times, different circumstances call for different words. Reagan generally had sometimes good instincts but the truth is that the Founders believed in both the positive and negative aspects of government and did not believe in unregulated markets. To paraphrase Madison, men are not angels and hence need governing. And those who govern must likewise submit to law and to the will of those they govern (and, of course, I don’t mean a silly, aconstitutional populism). Self-rule must mean rule of law. Too many conservatives gave uncritical support to W and his minions and neglected the principle of restraint and law at home and abroad. Bush’s brand of conservatism has left us with two unfinished wars and finalized the unraveling of healthy financial regulations (beginning with Reagan, and running through GHWB, Clinton, and W) which made for our current conservative–shall I say it–“malaise” in wise economic thinking and policy. Morning in America is not made of such stuff. Go back and read the Federalist papers and see if Reagan’s instincts and Obama’s words do not resonnate.

    Not only is the tongue a fire as James has it, be also greed–bent desire. Both need regulation to be curbed. Adam Smith’s “enlightened self-interest” is self-interest morally informed. And if not morally informed then not restrained. That be our humble calling–to morally inform ourselves and those about us–yours and mine minus our mutual tendencies to priggishness and bombast.



  2. JDS permalink
    21 January 2009 8:11 pm

    It’s a shame that every president in my memory has talked of this country living within its means, yet none of them have successfully been able to do anything except increase the debt through mammoth deficit spending.

  3. queueball permalink*
    21 January 2009 8:39 pm

    WADR, there, my friend, nobody’s talking about anarchy and zero regulations…not even Reagan believed in unregulated markets. To suggest otherwise is a straw man and a crashing non sequitur.

    Having said that, you have no argument from me about the nature of Bush’s conservatism. His deep decency and classy deportment notwithstanding – his genuine, steadfast kindness to Obama in the face of a truly mean, treacherous, Democrat machine was truly astonishing – Bush impaled the economic dimension of conservatism on a new series of promises we simply cannot afford to keep.

    By the way, Coop, I’m surprised at you. Your protest that two wars are unfinished appears to assume that wars should be tidy affairs, arbitrarily synchronized with the United States’ political calendar and never handed off to another administration. One may argue the wisdom of the wars, and I’m not interested in doing that here. But fundamentally, if a war has been deemed worth fighting (in the most comprehensive sense), it necessarily must be deemed worth finishing, no matter how long it takes. Rock climbers often find that the fastest retreat from a deteriorating circumstance is over the summit.

    When you say you reckon that we are in “different [economic] circumstances [that] call for different words,” surely you will likewise concede that a different brand of enemy calls for a different form of persistence. To borrow a Darwinian perspective, enemies of political liberty have adapted since the Cold War; so must we, and not merely in the quality of our arms but also in the scale of our perseverance. Say what we will about Bush, he has recognized that.

    The only major aspect of Bush’s economic policy that I agreed with was the Reaganesque push for a lower tax burden…and it was the only Reaganesque aspect I can recall. The new Medicare entitlement, the politically cynical (and, fortunately, abortive) steel tariff during the ’02 election, an explosive, federal power consolidation in the education title, and these impotent bailouts that have mortgaged my boys’ children’s estates have been nightmarish and humiliating.

    Finally, you have no argument with me on “enlightened self-interest.” Let those who truly abuse the poor rot on a stake in the public square. But surely that must include those who abuse them by goading them (by demographic immutables) into a perpetual state of victimhood, waiting in vain for the magical waters to stir and hoping that the newly anointed One will happen by to push them in when they do.


  4. queueball permalink*
    21 January 2009 9:48 pm

    George Will has also weighed in on the Obama speech and our national retrogression to infancy with a column that resoundingly echoes the themes qb is striking. See:


  5. 22 January 2009 12:11 am


    Bush and the neo-cons, blinded by their ideology and their false Realpolitik, fanned fear and national trauma after 9/11, tubthumped for Iraq and misdirected our nation’s energies away from Afghanistan, violated the Geneva convention, subverted the constitution, our legal system, and the justice department for domestic political gains. Deep decency indeed. One war should have been fought and Ben-Laden pursued into the nooks and crannies of Pakistan if need be. More American lives (not to mention Iraqi innocents) have been lost in a needless war than were taken by 911. The full consequences have yet to play out.

    Easy on Obama. He has already said he was not born in a manger but rather on Krypton. Will is a fuddy-duddy.



  6. queueball permalink*
    22 January 2009 8:58 am

    Well, Coop, and I say this with a smile, you are certainly skilled at distilling Nancy’s talking points to their essence! qb

  7. queueball permalink*
    22 January 2009 11:57 am

    BTW, how precisely does one “fan…national trauma” after 19 vicious beasts cut flight attendant’s throats, fly jet airliners into two skyscrapers, a national symbol, and a field en route to the nation’s capital, and kill 3.000 civilians in the process? Was the trauma contrived and overwrought?


  8. 22 January 2009 4:30 pm


    Don’t be disingenuous. By “fanning national trauma,” I meant that it was appealed to in order to drum up support for war in Iraq when war was not justified. And by the way, it was I who gave Nancy her talking points. If you check out the archives of the email list where you and I lurk, you will see that I opposed the war in Iraq from the time that Bush gave his axis of evil speech following 9/11. Congress and the “Liberal” media rolled over and played dead during the run up to the war. My position is that for the only superpower in the world to go to war “preemptively” against a non-aggressor nation ruled by a tinpot tribal chieftan whom we had elevated to power in the first place and over which we already had air superiority was an exercise in folly and hubris.

    TV: different times, different circumstances. There were only 3 networks in 1981. Were Reagan to give his speech today, it would likely be dissipated in the ratings. How about measuring inaugural crowd size?

    For what it’s worth: I too am concerned that messianic expectations are in the hearts of some of Obama’s supporters. I am also concerned about those who demonize him and those who support him. But, in general, I am willing to trust the deep decency and collective wisdom and maturity of the American people when they are not deceived or patronized by her leaders. Personally, I am still trying to imagine the decibal level of the right wing Republican outcry for Al Gore’s hide had he been President when 9/11 occurred.

    Finally, you do honor to those terrorists to call them “beasts.” Animals do not kill willfully and in wholesale fashion. Idolators instead!

    Blessings dear friend,


  9. queueball permalink*
    22 January 2009 6:51 pm

    I’m not being disingenuous at all, Coop. Let me just respond with this, in view of what I’m learning at the feet of Bishop Wright:

    Your narrative is not the only narrative that makes sense of the data surrounding 9/11, Iraq, and the Bush presidency; it’s just the most cynical, or perhaps I should say the least generous, and certainly the most politically convenient.



  10. 22 January 2009 11:17 pm


    Experiencing daily as I do the short- and long-term human consequences of combat, I do not take war–any war–lightly. That you regard as cynical or ungenerous my judgment of the calculated and unrestrained rhetoric of George Bush following on 9/11 saddens me. Bush’s appeal to the phrase “axis of evil” was designed to link emotionally our collective memory of our enemies of World War II to three Lilliputian threats and to grease the skids for completion of what his neo-con advisors believed to be an unfinished war in Iraq. That I narrated it seven years ago was hardly politically convenient. Then, I was very much in the minority and not willing “to cry havoc and unleash the dogs of war” except under the most extreme of circumstances: Afghanistan. That the majority in the country regards my “narrative” more favorably now is absolutely no consolation to me.

    I do not think Bush or even the neo-cons operated out of cynicism. I believe they operated from a flawed reading of history and human motives and a lack of imagination tempered by wisdom, even, e.g. as Janet Reno and Clinton’s FBI did in Waco. I wish Bush the Christian had heeded the words of Oliver Cromwell to Parliament in 1650: “I beseech you, in the bowels of Christ, think it possible you may be mistaken.”



  11. 23 January 2009 1:13 pm


    A post-script to the previous, hmm, post. Skip generally reflects my take on and feelings about GWB.


  12. queueball permalink*
    23 January 2009 2:05 pm

    One supposes that Hussein and Ahmadinejad seem “Lilliputian” to a Texan living in relative comfort and isolation among 3 million of his closest friends, but the Kurds and the Beer-Shevans and the thousands of Iraqi children that two of my GI friends helped to liberate from prisons in Baghdad ought to have their say.

    Truth, as they say, is relative.

    Lilliputian qb

  13. 23 January 2009 2:46 pm


    You misdirect. Lilliputian powers compared to US power. You and I are indeed Lilliputian. Your two GI friends did a good thing in the midst of a misguided policy and its poor implementation. Thousands of GI’s did good things.



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